Background: Diabetes Mellites is a public health concern in Iraq. It was known that when patients have better knowledge about their illnesses, it is leading to more treatment adherence and finally fewer complications so the current study aims to assess the diabetic patient’s knowledge about their disease using Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Scale.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study performed among 384 randomly selected patients attending the diabetic center at Al-Zahraa Teaching Hospital in Wasit. All patients were formally consented to answer an Arabic revised Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test.
Results: The mean age and slandered deviation for patients was (43.85±17.25) years old. The female patients represented 58.6%, about two-thirds of cases (66.1%) were married, 40.1% with high educational level, about three quarters didn’t do any exercise (76.3%), only 17.4% of them are smokers. The majority (78.91%) of patients had a good knowledge score and 21.09% had low knowledge scores. The major source of knowledge mentioned by patients (75.52%) was from hospitals and physicians. The knowledge score was significantly associated with the type of medication and smoking status (p-value 0>.001 and 0.019), respectively.
Conclusions: The good knowledge score was found in the majority of patients visiting the diabetic center in AL-Zahraa Teaching Hospital. Most of the patients were adherence to their treatment which reflects the knowledge´s effect on their behaviors.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.