The legal keys in the management of health risks during COVID-19 pandemic in Morocco: Early focus
Mohammed Zine 1 , Rachid Bagho 2 3 , Ahmed Kharbach 2 4 * , Rachid Razine 2 5 , Majdouline Obtel 2 5
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1 Risk Management and Territorial Development, National Institute of Development and Town Planning Morocco, Rabat, MOROCCO2 Laboratory of Biostatistics, Clinical Research and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University Mohammed V in Rabat, MOROCCO3 Moroccan Center for Studies and Policy Analysis, MOROCCO4 Higher Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques of Guelmim, Guelmim, MOROCCO5 Laboratory of Community Health, Preventive Medicine and Hygienes, Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University Mohammed V in Rabat, MOROCCO* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Context: In order to manage health risks, Morocco has taken measures to prevent and fight against the coronavirus “COVID-19” pandemic. The objective of this work was to list all the legislative and regulatory texts that have legislated and regulated the management of COVID-19 health crisis in Morocco, to clarify the competences of the public authorities, and to justify the importance of the application of this legal arsenal in a vision of better controlling and containing the pandemic.
Methods: An exhaustive early review of the legislative and regulatory texts published and referenced at the national level such as laws, decrees, orders, and ministerial circulars were cited in this article. The study was limited to the period from 1 January 2020 to 30 May 2021.
Results: During the crisis and after the official declaration of the state of health emergency that would have repercussions on the various sectors of activity. And to better manage health risks, legislative and regulatory texts were promulgated to remedy the various malfunctions caused by COVID-19 pandemic (laws, decrees, circulars, etc.). This legal arsenal was succinctly put in place in line with the evolution of COVID-19 pandemic indicators in Morocco. This legal framework underlines the importance of legal texts in the management of health crises.
Conclusion: During COVID-19 pandemic, the public authorities were able to attenuate the health risks, by implementing several mechanisms managed by legal levers, in order to avoid the collapse of the health sector. However, the health crisis affirmed the important social role of the state.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Review Article

ELECTR J MED DENT STUD, 2023, Volume 13, Issue 2, Article No: em0105

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmds/12842

Publication date: 01 Apr 2023

Online publication date: 16 Jan 2023

Article Views: 443

Article Downloads: 313

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